Before getting started, take a few minutes to read the rules. They will help you to understand the game and be a better player.
Tsegball is a non-contact, co-ed sport that combines elements from handball, basketball, volleyball, rugby and hop-scotch. These various skill fundamentals are used to create a game where the players can focus on the use of strategy instead of physical prowess, while avoiding the injury prevalent in most contact sports. Tsegball is designed for use in schools, recreation centers, fitness centers, and the military, as a means of developing discipline and strategy. Because men and women compete on the same team, it is extremely important that players observe all of the rules in order to prevent bodily contact.
Tsegball can be played both indoors and outdoors. The official size of an outdoor is 360 x 160 feet. Nevertheless, Physical Education Directors and Coaches will find that the game can easily be played in smaller playing areas. Tsegball can be adapted to fit a standard size gymnasium or indoor basketball court. The game can even be played in spaces as small as 20 x 20 feet. (We advise against playing in spaces smaller than 20 x 20 feet.) When playing in a smaller space, the number of players should be reduced to allow for ease of movement on the playing field.
How Do I Start TsegBall?
Like many games, Tsegball starts from the center of the field. The referee may choose the starting team by a variety of methods, including coin toss.
How Do I Play TsegBall?
Tsegball is a handball game. When a player is in possession of the ball, he/she may not run or walk with it. The player must pass the ball to another player in less than three seconds. Only players who do not have possession of the ball may walk or run.
A player may pass the ball to another team member or throw it any distance across the playing field.
Players may only make one step when in possession of the ball. If you catch the ball while running, you must stop and determine where to pass the ball next. You are allowed to use one (1) foot as a pivot point to do all of your maneuvering to pass the ball within three (3) seconds.
Players are allowed to intercept a pass or steal the ball from their opponent. If a player tries to steal the ball but cannot obtain full possession of the ball in less than one (1) second, he is fouled and the ball remains in the possession of the opposing team. If a player is running to receive a pass and catches the pass but falls, as long as the ball does not touch the ground, it is still in play for three seconds.
Players may not jump to intercept the ball. Players who jump to intercept the ball will be fouled and lose possession of the ball to the opposing team.
Each goal is guarded by one goal keeper. Goal keepers may not act as throwers. They may only guard their goal. (See the figure on the right.)
The goal keeper must stay within his/her designated area. He/she may not leave the goal area during a round. If he/she does leave during a round, he/she will be fouled and must sit out for the remainder of the round. Another player already on the field may replace the goal keeper for that round but no alternate players may be used. That team can have no more than eleven players for the duration of the round. The official goal keeper may return at the beginning of the next round.
If the goal keeper, while defending his/her goal, intercepts a pass (within the goal area) he is allowed to hold the ball for up to ten (10) seconds and can also run/walk with the ball before passing it to another player.
Opposing players cannot attempt to take the ball from the goal keeper while he/she is attempting to pass the ball during the ten (10) second time limit.
If, for any reason, the goal keeper drops the ball, it is not considered a foul and remains in the possession of that team.
If the goal keeper is the last person to touch the ball before it goes out-of-bounds, he/she (and not the opposing team) will have possession of the ball.
The goal keeper is allowed to pass the ball to the other goal keeper on his or her team.
When guarding the goal, the goal keeper should stand about two (2) feet away from the goal posts in the goal keeper area.
If the goal keeper pushes or moves the goal posts while defending the goal, it will be considered a penalty and will result in a free shot for the opposing team.
The goal posts should be turned with the netted rim facing the center of the playing field.
The metallic brace that supports the rim should be turned away from the players. (See playing field diagram.)
*Modification: Physical Education Directors and Coaches may choose to use the modified rules on a smaller playing area with a reduced number of players per team. In such cases, all players on a team may defend the goal. There is no official goal keeper and the goal keeper rules mentioned above do not apply.
The goal keeper area on a traditional size Tsegball field (360 x160 feet) is 80 x 90 feet (see P. 4); however, the goal keeper area may be adjusted accordingly for various gymnasiums or smaller playing fields. (See playing field diagram one page 3 for more information on player positions.)
Back-Throwing is usually used after a penalty. One player needs to stand 15 to 20 feet from the goal with his/her back facing the goal. The player will then throw the ball, without looking at the basket. (See the figure.)
Back-Throwing is also allowed if any foul takes place in the penalty area near the goal. Only the player who is fouled against may make the Back-Throw. Players may only make one Back-Throw.
How Do I Score?
Tsegball has a goal which resembles a basketball hoop, specially designed for the game. The goal is adjustable, with a maximum height of 52 inches; the hoop is 30 inches in diameter. It is recommended that the height of the goal posts should be set slightly below the shoulder height of the average player.
To score, you must put the ball in the basket (see the figure). There are different ways you may score. You may shoot the ball like in basketball, or you may develop your own style if you can, but don’t forget to observe all of the rules.
If your hand goes out-ofbounds while trying to score, the goal will not count. Any score must be confirmed by the referees before points can be awarded. All scores equal 1 point.
If a player touches the goal posts while making a goal, the goal will not be counted.
If a player pushes or touches the goal keeper while making a goal, the goal will not be counted.
Players must reduce speed when they approach the goal keeper to avoid bodily contact.
The game is played with two teams. There are twelve (12) players on each team-two (2) goal keepers and ten (10) throwers. Each team is required to have six (6) males and six (6) females (see diagram below for the position of the players). Both teams should wear different colors for easy identification. Each team should also have six (6) alternate players.
When modifying Tsegball for use in a smaller playing area, such as an indoor basketball court, the number of players per team can be reduced to six (6): two (2) goal keepers and four (4) throwers.
It is important to remember and observe all the rules to avoid penalties from the referee. If a player does not respect all the rules, the referee has the right to eject him/her from the game. Certain penalties will result in a foul and loss of possession of the ball. Other penalties will result in a player’s removal from the game.
Holding: When a player has possession of the ball for more than three (3) seconds. The opposing team gets possession of the ball. Play will begin where the foul occurred. All players from the opposing team must be at least ten feet away from the player in possession of the ball (this also applies for Traveling, Checking and a Dead Ball). If a player in possession of the ball accidentally falls, he/she has three (3) seconds to pass the ball to another player before it’s a foul.
Traveling: When a player takes more than 1 step with possession of the ball.
Checking: When a player attacks, jumps to score, pushes, slaps, bites, kicks, body slams, or intentionally throws the ball at another player to cause bodily damage. Such action is forbidden in Tsegball and will result in immediate ejection from the game.
Dead Ball: When an incomplete pass is made and the ball touches the ground. Whichever team touches the ball last loses possession. If a pass is intercepted but the player drops or knocks the ball on the ground, possession is awarded to the team who initially had the ball.
Fighting: When a player argues with the referee or another player during the game. If there is a dispute, team coaches may call a time out and present their cases to the referees. Any player who argues with a referee may be ejected from the game.
Illegal Contact: When a player kicks the ball or hits it with his/her head.
A penalty shot can be taken at any goal area.
- If a goal keeper chooses to pass the ball to the other goal keeper on his or her team, and that goal keeper drops the ball, it is a penalty and that team loses possession of the ball.
- If a player jumps into the goal area and the goal keeper is hit, it is considered a penalty and will result in a free shot.
- If a player runs into another player while trying to intercept the ball, it is considered a penalty and will result in a free shot.
- If a player intentionally throws the ball on the ground, against the wall or at another person in anger, it is considered a penalty and will result in a free shot.
- If the goal keeper hits or pushes a player from the opposing team in the goal area, it is considered a penalty and will result in a free shot.
- If a player standing in the goal keeper area is pushed by a member of the opposing team while trying to make a shot, it will be considered a penalty and will result in a free shot.
Times and Rounds
Outdoor: Tsegball has four (4) 17 minute-rounds. Times can be adjusted according to your available class time. After each round is a break. After the first round, players receive a three (3) minute break. The team in possession of the ball before a break will retain possession of the ball after a break. After the second round, both teams have a ten (10) minute break in which they must switch sides. After the third round, both teams receive another three (3) minute break. The fourth round is considered the last round of the game.
In the event of a tie, the game will be extended to five (5) rounds to determine a winner. The fifth round will be 17 minutes with a ten (10) minute break between the fourth and the fifth round. If there is no winner after the fifth round, the winner is determined by a round of back-throwing. Whichever team has the most points after back-throwing, will be declared the winner.
Indoor: Tsegball has four (4) 15 minute-rounds. Times can be adjusted according to your available class time. After each round is a break. After the first round, players receive a three (3) minute break. The team in possession of the ball before a break will retain possession of the ball after a break. After the second round, both teams have a ten (10) minute break in which they must switch sides. After the third round, both teams receive another three (3) minute break. The fourth round is considered the last round of the game.
In the event of a tie, the game will be extended to five (5) rounds to determine a winner. The fifth round will be 15 minutes with a ten (10) minute break between the fourth and the fifth round. If there is no winner after the fifth round, the winner is determined by a round of back-throwing. Whichever team has the most points after back-throwing, will be declared the winner.
In the Case of a Tie
In the case of an extended game, both teams must select six (6) players (3 men and 3 women) to Back-Throw. Each team will alternate until all the players have Back-Thrown. Example: Team 1 will throw first, then Team 2 will throw second, Team 1 will throw third, etc. In case of a tie after the Back-Throwing, both teams must select four (4) players (2 men and 2 women for each team) to repeat the Back-Throwing (the same procedure as outlined above should be used). If the tie is not broken after the second Back-Throwing, the same four players must Back-Throw again. If there is still no winner, the game should be rescheduled for another match.
There are 3 referees for each game played: one (1) Center Referee and two (2) Side- Line Referees. The Center Referee should be on the field with the players at all times to call any fouls or penalties. He is the only judge on the field. The Side-Line Referees can call fouls or penalties from the side, but the final decision is made by the Center Referee. All referees have the power to eject a player from the game (see Fouls to learn more).
*Modification: When playing with six players or less per team, only one Referee is needed.
The referee has two cards: Green and Red. The Green card is for warnings or fouls. The Red card is given when a player has been ejected from the game.
For more information on how to play the game and to see clips of Tsegball in action, visit the Tsegball website at www.tsegball.com. Make sure to register and keep up to date with the latest in Tsegball testimonials, apparel and upcoming events.
This section presents skill tests and drills for the following skills: passing (lateral, overhead, reverse or behind the back pass, and lob), catching, running, passing, shooting, pivoting, goalkeeping and blocking.
Passing is an essential element of Tsegball. A team must be able to handle, control and move the ball down the field or on the floor rapidly and precisely in order to create scoring opportunities. Passes may be made with one hand or two. Beginners should master the lateral, overhead, reverse and lob pass.
This pass requires a combination of timing, balance, accuracy and control. The pass should be thrown in front of the receiver to allow for a smooth transfer. Hold the ball in front of the body with one of both hands. Look in the direction of the pass and swing the hands across the body while rotating the upper torso. When passing to the left, transfer the weight from the right foot to the left.
Overhead or baseball Pass
Shift the ball in front of the waist to the throwing hand, turn the opposite side of the body in the direction of the pass, and then stretch arm back and make a L at the elbow. Be sure to follow through to assist in the accuracy of the pass.
Behind the back or reverse Pass
Standing slightly sideways, bring ball behind the back using your dominant hand. Cradle the ball with the fingers spread behind it for control. Be sure to follow through to assist in the accuracy of the pass.
This pass is used to loft the ball over the opponent in order to score. The pass should be high enough so the opponent cannot block the shot. The lob pass is most effective when the goalie comes out too far to defend.
Catching is also an essential skill needed in order to master the game of Tsegball. Catching involves moving the body into the path of the ball.
Goalkeeping is the most important position in the game of Tsegball. The goalie must develop quick hands and fast reaction time. The goalie should move with the ball in order to cut down shooting angles. This sometimes require moving slightly away from the goal. Goalies should practice saving shots from various positions.
Shooting or alternate methods of Scoring
Shooting similar to basketball is a fundamental learned skill. The basic mechanics and a fundamental knowledge of the basket and the point at which to aim are essential in becoming good shooters.
Pivoting is a skill used to elude an opponent when a player has the ball. A forward pivot is executed by keeping one foot in place on the floor and moving the other forward and across the foot in place. A reverse pivot is executed by keeping on foot in place and moving the other backward in a semicircle.
Skills Test and/or Drills
Since Tsegball is comprised of various skills from basketball, volleyball, handball and rugby, some of the following skills test from these various team sports have been modified:
Objective: To measure skill in rapidly shooting from different positions.
Administration and Directions: Place floor markers on floor designating various distances from the goals. The distance will vary based on grade levels. With Tsegball in hand the test performer begins the test with one foot behind any of the five markers. On the signal, Ready, Go, the performer shoots, retrieves the ball and runs to another spot and shoots. At least one shot must be taken from each of the five markers. Two 60- second trials are administered.
Scoring: Two points are given for each shot made, and 1 point for each unsuccessful attempt that hits the rim.
Objective: To measure accuracy in passing (overhead or baseball pass).
Administration and Directions: A restraining line is drawn on the floor from a wall and parallel to it. Again, the distance from the wall is based on class levels. With a Tsegball in hand, the test performer stands behind the restraining line facing the target. On a signal, “Ready, Go,” the ball is passed to the first target. The ball is retrieved by the tester who again moves quickly behind the restraining line facing the second target. The ball is then thrown or passed to the second target on the wall. This sequence is continued until the sixth and final target is reached. The performer then moves back toward the first target. Two 30-second trials are taken.
Scoring: Each pass that lands in the target or on the target line earns 2 points. Passes hitting the wall between the targets earn 1 point.
Catching a Forward Pass
Objective: To measure accuracy in catching.
Administration and Directions: A starting line is drawn on the floor with a center mark placed between two end marks. The end marks should be placed approximately 8 feet to the right and left of the center mark. The test performer stands on the right end mark and faces straight ahead. On the signal “Go” the performer runs towards the passing point directly in front of him or her. The passer is already in position to pass the ball from 5 feet behind the starting line to the designated passing point. The passer should throw the ball directly over the passing point, slightly above the head of the receiver. The test performer then proceeds to the left end mark and repeats the same procedure. Ten good trials are given on both the left and right sides.
Scoring: Each successful catch is awarded one point.
Catch, Pivot and Pass
Objective: To properly execute the transition from catching to pivoting and passing.
Administration and Directions: At the center line on the Tsegball field or floor, eight participants are lined up on the corners of half of the court or field (two individuals at each of the four corners). Each set of players has a ball. Before starting the drill the coach or instructor will call for either a right-foot pivot or a left-foot pivot. At the command to start the drill the individuals in front begin running to the middle of the center line, catches the ball, takes one step and then pivots when the whistle blows. The four players pivots in unison and passes the ball back to the players that are still positioned on the corners of the court or field. After passing the players follow the pass and lines up behind the players on the corner. The sequence continues until each player has completed 5 to 10 catches, pivots, and passes.